-



: - 2


f

(1.1). N

( ), ( , 1,2,.... N)

N :

X=NM.

(1.3)

, : = 62 = 36. (X1, X2), X1 X2 - ( - X).

, - . , ( ):

f(6M) = M f(6)

N:

F(NM) = M f(N) (1.4)

(1.3): ln X = M ln N,

= ln X/1n M. M (1.4):

, : f(X) = l , , (1.1), H=K ln N. = 1 / ln 2.

H = log2 N. (1.5)

- .

- , . , N = 2. , , , ( : , ). .

N